Boris Johnson Withdrawal Agreement Summary

To this end, on 25 February 2020, on the basis of the Political Declaration of 12 November 2019, Member States entrusted the European Commission with a mandate for negotiating directives for discussions. The EU strives to establish as close a partnership as possible with the UK. The negotiating mandate and directives are based on the Political Declaration and cover all areas that the EU believes need to be addressed in the future relationship. These include goods, fisheries, services, energy, transport, space, individual mobility, research and development programmes, internal security, foreign and security policy, culture and education, and a level playing field for businesses. There is also a chapter on the governance of future relations, which provides for a comprehensive dispute settlement mechanism and cross-sectoral dialogue formats, as well as a single administrative instrument for all aspects of the future relationship. With a view to the future economic partnership, the EU is striving to create a free trade area without customs duties, fees, fees, quotas or other restrictions for all sectors. The aim is a level playing field, which is based on the current EU Aquis. On the basis of this mandate, the European Commission has published a draft agreement on the future relationship. The receipt of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from fresh to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable it proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be on hold. [38] [12] The Withdrawal Agreement is an international treaty that governs the conditions for the UK`s exit from the EU.

It was largely negotiated by Theresa May`s government. The main elements of the Withdrawal Agreement are as follows: the 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the Political Declaration and replaced the word «appropriate» with «appropriate» with regard to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute settlement mechanisms. [27] In addition, the mechanism for a level playing field has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration[24] and the line in the Political Declaration that «the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas» has been deleted. [26] Boris Johnson`s mantra for the 2019 election was that one vote for the Conservatives was one for «doing Brexit». By this he means that a Conservative government would pass its withdrawal agreement through Parliament. Between the exit date and 31 December 2020 (end of the transitional period), the UK and the EU have time to negotiate and ratify the full agreement on their future relationship, which is expected to govern relations in a wide range of areas such as trade, migration, foreign security policy and data. . .

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